Congratulations, new mom or dad! Now take out the checkbook, because your bundle of joy comes with a bundle of new expenses. But all those day care costs and pediatrician bills can bring new tax deductions that can help you ride out the first years of parenthood without going broke.
Here are the major ways your tax situation may change now that you're a parent.
Child tax credit
The child tax credit is worth up to $1,000, and you can claim it if you have a dependent child living with you who is under age 17. There are income limits that start phasing out this benefit at $110,000 for married couples filing jointly, according to criteria on the Internal Revenue Service website.
Child care credit
If you pay for someone else to look after your child who is under age 13 while you work or look for work, you may qualify for a child care credit on up to $3,000 in costs. The amount of the credit you can take will depend on your taxable income. The care provider can't be a spouse, and there are other qualifying rules.
Earned income tax credit
You don't need a kid to get the earned income tax credit, but when a couple has a child, they can have a much higher income before being disqualified. For example, a married couple's 2016 taxable income can't top $20,430 to qualify, but that limit rises to $44,846 when they add a child to the family. The limits increase for families with more children. The credit can be as much as $3,373 for a couple with one child.
Health care expenses
Paying for health care may affect your tax bill in a few ways. If you added your newborn to your workplace health insurance plan, you may be paying higher premiums than you did before. Since the costs are deducted from your pretax pay, your taxable income may come down. If you pay significant medical expenses out of pocket, they have to exceed 10% of taxable income before they're deductible — and even then you must itemize your deductions to claim them and cut your taxes.
Parenthood is rewarding — and it may also help you out at tax time. A tax advisor can help you learn more about how parenthood affects what you owe Uncle Sam. The savings may take the sting out of the child-induced increase in your expenses.
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